Diagnostic Procedures of the Integumentary System

The body’s integumentary system is one of the largest structures that comprise the skin, nails, glands, and nerves. The largest among the systems, it covers the whole body because of its non-localization, that is, it is not attributed to one region or area of the body like other systems that are centralized or specific to locations. Being widely distributed, skin is the major part of the integumentary system that is the largest organ of the whole body. Therefore, it procures to some important functions of the body, such as the role of protection against the external agents and harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, a regulator of temperature where skin and sweat glands play their part, ensuring the release of vitamin D in the body, preventing dehydration and another mineral loses and acting as receptors for sensory inputs. Being potentially critical for the body, this system may ascribe some problems when its parts suffer from some malfunction or condition.

There are various diseases, injuries, and disorders that may affect the working of the body’s integumentary system. They may comprise of infections, mainly bacterial or fungal, or cancers or burns and accidents. Therefore, some measures are adopted while the symptoms of the conditions about this system begin to appear. The foremost step is diagnosing the perceived condition, where many procedures and tests are incorporated to examine the condition properly. Once the diagnosis is completed, the treatment plan will be executed as per the examination of the condition.

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Diagnosing Skin Problems
Whenever skin problems begin to appear, they can be diagnosed with their appearance as they generally cause deterioration on the upper side of the skin surface. Many problems found their locus beneath the skin, where some tests are used to diagnose them. The first approach to any skin problem is a thorough examination that begins with a doctor inquiring about the medical history of a patient and examining the features of the skin. Most skin problems are caused by psoriasis, and the doctor will try to clear that case in any diagnosing stage. Psoriasis is the condition of the skin in which the cells divide rapidly than the normal count. The diagnosis procedures will follow the stake of some underlying medical conditions along with allergies, and infections. Some of the diagnostic tests performed are as follows:

Skin biopsy: There are some benign skin disorders and some cancers or tumors for which skin biopsy is performed. During a skin biopsy, a small part of the skin tissue is removed and sent for laboratory analysis. The piece of skin is removed with the help of a scalpel or blade.

Patch testing: Allergies of the skin are diagnosed through patch testing, where allergens are put on the back of the skin with the help of adhesive patches. Allergens are specific substances to which a person may be allergic. Once allergens are applied, skin is left for some time, whereupon its reaction is seen and examined accordingly.

Culture: The infections about the skin are caused by some microorganisms diagnosed with the help of a culture test. The part of the skin which is to be diagnosed is cultured here.

Diagnosing Hair and Gland Problems
There are many hair problems that any person, irrespective of gender, can encounter, such as hair loss. To diagnose the cause of these conditions, some diagnostic tests were performed, and are given as follows:

Hormone test: Hormone levels are checked in the body, which can cause significant loss of hair, such as prolactin, testosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone.

Complete Blood Count (CBC) test: CBC test is a test done to know the blood count of the body.

Biopsy of the scalp: A small part of the scalp is removed with the help of the scalpel and send for examination in the laboratory.

In the case of glands of the skin, a common condition can affect them, called sebaceous hyperplasia. Sebaceous hyperplasia refers to the enlargement of the sebaceous glands, which is diagnosed through examination and dermoscopy.


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